Kolkata is the capital city of the state West Bengal, located in India. It is the third most populous city in India and one of the most interesting. Kolkata was previously British India’s capital from about 1700 up to 1912. It is now the city of joy, and popular for its ancient architecture, arts, festivals and so many other things. Kolkata has a great mixture, made up of various cultures and this has meant that the city has been popular with tourists for a long time. There are uncountable places to visit in Kolkata but among them, the most popular and famous ones are listed here. Let’s check out the best places to visit in Kolkata.
Educational Places To Visit In Kolkata
1. The Indian Museum
The Indian Museum in Kolkata is the largest in Asia as well as the oldest museum in the region of Asia- Pacific. It was constructed in the year 1814 and located at Chowringhee Avenue. It has a huge collection of the natural history of India, as well as a collection of Indian Arts. The museum has six sections in total and is further divided into 35 galleries. It contains plenty of antiquities, paintings, Gandhara Art collections, artefacts and many other unique things. Perhaps the most eye-catching part is the Egyptian gallery that is home to several mummies. In the division of Natural History together with Geology, it has the meteorite theatre and a dinosaur section. A Dutch botanist built this, the oldest museum in the world. It also has a library which is of great value historically.
2. Victoria Memorial
Victoria Memorial is situated on the bank of the Hoogly River. Lord Curzon built this memorial after Queen Victoria’s death in the year 1901. The building is constructed uniquely by combining Mughals and British architectural styles. It was completed in the year 1921 after which it was opened for the public. The memorial is at present a museum having 25 galleries which consist of many British Royal families’ paintings, small paintings of the schools of Mughals, Nawab of Bengal’s throne and lots of other historical things.
3. The Jorasanko Thakur Bari
The Jorasanko Thakur bari is Rabindranath Tagore’s ancestral house which was later transformed into a museum in the year 1961. The museum has three big galleries. The first one consists of Rabindranath’s life and works; the second one is about his father and brothers and the third one is based on the Renaissance of Bengal.
Official Places To Visit In Kolkata
4. Calcutta High Court
Calcutta High Court is India’s oldest court which was built on 1st of July 1862 as the High Court of Judicature. It controls West Bengal and the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Although the city’s name has been transformed officially to Kolkata from Calcutta the court still retains the old name.
5. Raj Bhavan
Raj Bhavan, the residential house of Bengal’s Governor at present was constructed in the 19th century. This house was previously India’s viceroys’ seat. The building is the copy of Kedleston Hall having the general features completely same.
6. Writer’s Building
The Writer’s Building was initially the office of the British East India Company’s writers, hence where the name came from. Thomas Lyon designed this building in 1777 and later many extensions and modifications were made. It was previously the office of the Chief Minister but now due to some restorations, the office shifted to Nabanna.
7. The Howrah Station
Howrah is located on the western bank of River Hooghly and is linked by the glorious Howrah Bridge to Kolkata. This is one of the intercity stations (the other three which are Sealdah Station, Shalimar station and Kolkata railway station.) The Howrah Station is the oldest and the largest railway station of India. If you come into Kolkata by train there is a good chance you will arrive here, but if not it is definitely one of the best places to visit in Kolkata.
Memorials To Visit In Kolkata
8. Shaheed Minar
Shaheed Minar is also known as Tower of the Martyrs, it is situated in Maidan. It was constructed in due respect to Sir David Ochterlony. The name was later transformed to Shaheed Minar as a tribute to the freedom fighters.
Sporting and Recreational Places To Visit In Kolkata
The Maidan of Kolkata is the sporting paradise of Kolkata. It has fostered various sports like Polo, football, cricket, horse racing as well as rugby. It consists of the three big clubs of football of India which are Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Football Club and the Mohammedan Sporting Club.
10. Alipore Zoological Park
The Prince of Wales inaugurated this zoological park which was founded in the year 1875. It has a lot of animals and birds on the premises. There has been some bad press over the years in regards to cross breeding of animals, there have also been many success stories come out of the zoo.
11. Indian Botanical Garden
The Indian Botanical Garden is the oldest botanical garden in Kolkata and it covers an area of 270 acres. It was established in the year 1786. The gardens have 50,000 species of plants and are highly popular with visitors for the Banyan tree which is 250 years old and 98 foot tall.
12. Eden Gardens
Eden Gardens is a hugely iconic cricket ground that is known throughout India as well as the rest of the world. Many international matches, one-day tournaments and also the Cricket World Cup of 1987 were played here.
13. Netaji Indoor Stadium
This stadium has 120,000 seats and is entirely air-conditioned. Many important events such as conferences and sporting events have occurred here. The most famous event, however, was Mother Teresa’s state funeral in the year 1997.
14. Salt Lake Stadium
The Salt Lake Stadium is also known as Yuva Bharati Krirangan and is the second largest stadium in the world. It is used for soccer tournaments as well as events and also hosted the third South Asian Federation Games in the year 1987.
There are many other things which people or tourists specifically shouldn’t miss whilst visiting Kolkata. Apart from the historical antiquities and collectables, there are many famous markets, malls and worship places. Do not come to this part of the country without seeing the best places to visit in Kolkata. India has so many amazing places to see why not take a look at Mumbai or Bangalore!